KNOWING YOUR HUMAN RIGHTS
RAP NIGERIA in collaboration with RAP UK to promote this Universal Declaration of Human Rightsby monitoring, raising awareness of abuse, obtaining redress and relieving need among the victims of abuse, promoting respect for human rights among individuals and corporations, eliminating infringements of human rights in all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of the Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.
ARTICLE 1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
ARTICLE 2. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedom set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind.
ARTICLE 3. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
ARTICLE 4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude.
ARTICLE 5. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
ARTICLE 6. Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
ARTICLE 7. All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.
ARTICLE 8. Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
ARTICLE 9. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
ARTICLE 10. Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal.
ARTICLE 11. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty.
ARTICLE 12. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation.
ARTICLE 13. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement.
ARTICLE 14. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
ARTICLE 15. Everyone has the right to a nationality.
ARTICLE 16. Men and women .... have the right to marry and to found a family.
ARTICLE 17. Everyone has the right to own property.
ARTICLE 18. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
ARTICLE 19. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression.
ARTICLE 20. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
ARTICLE 21. (1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country.
ARTICLE 22. Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realisation....of... economic, social and cultural rights.
ARTICLE 23. Everyone has the right to work...Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions.
ARTICLE 24. Everyone has the right to rest and leisure.
ARTICLE 25. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for.... health and well-being.
ARTICLE 26. Everyone has the right to education.
ARTICLE 27. Everyone has the right to freely to participate in the cultural life of the community.
ARTICLE 28. Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realised.
ARTICLE 29. Everyone has duties to the community.
ARTICLE 30. Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying ...any right to engage in any activity...aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.
ADOPTED BY THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY 10 DECEMBER 1948
EXERCISING YOUR HUMAN RIGHTS
If you are in a situation in which you believe that your human rights are being violated, it's advisable to see if the problem can be resolved without going to court by using mediation or an internal complaints body.
Where you believe your rights have not been respected and you cannot resolve the problem outside court, you are entitled to bring a case before the appropriate court or tribunal. The court or tribunal will then consider your case.
These rights not only impact matters of life and death, they also affect the rights you have in your everyday life: what you can say and do your beliefs, your right to a fair trial and other similar basic entitlements.
Most rights have limits to ensure that they do not unfairly damage other people's rights. However, certain rights – such as the right not to be tortured – can never be limited by a court or anybody else.
You have the responsibility to respect other people's rights, and they must respect yours.
Child marriage is a fundamental violation of human rights. Many girls (and a smaller number of boys) are married without their free and full consent. By international conventions, 18 years has been established as the legal age of consent to marriage.
Do not fall victim ! Nigeria has three different marriage legal systems operating simultaneously—civil, customary, and Islamic. You can only get help from state and federal governments when you marry under the civil system ! As they have control only over marriages that take place within the civil system
If any of these rights and freedoms are breached, you have a right to an effective solution in law, even if the breach was by someone in authority, such as, for example, a police officer.